In international trade, the resulting containers are essential to move goods. Therefore, there are various types, dimensions and uses depending on the cargo being transported.
Next, we will explain the most used types of containers, their measurements are frequent and what type of merchandise they are recommended for.
Also known as a utility container, it is a sturdy, hardtop, doored container. It is the most used to transport common and dry merchandise.
For its part, its most common sizes are 20 and 40 feet, although there are also 10, 30, 45 and 53 feet.
Reefer or refrigerated container
These types of containers have a temperature control system that allows conservation. Therefore, it is ideal for transporting food or perishable products that need refrigeration at all times during transport.
As for their size, there are 20 and 40 feet and all have covered walls to guarantee insulation. Likewise, they have hooks on the ceiling that serve as a support for some merchandise, such as pieces of meat.
Open top container
These containers differ from the rest as they have a waterproof canvas roof that even allows the load to protrude. It is ideal for transporting heavy or bulky products whose loading is done with a crane or traveling bridge.
Similarly, it has sizes of 20 and 40 feet and has lashing rings to secure the cargo and prevent it from moving along the way.
Open side container
In this type of intermodal equipment, the cargo enters and leaves through the sides of the container, since its only opening is lateral. The type of functional merchandise for this equipment is the one that, due to its size or volume, cannot be loaded or unloaded through the common doors.
For its part, its measurements are the same as most containers: 20 or 40 feet.
As its name indicates, this type of container is equipped with an internal tank that allows the mobilization of liquids in bulk. Like the other containers, it can be stacked without any problem and moved using any type of transport.
According to recommendations, this equipment should not be filled to less than 80% of its capacity, nor more than 95%. Well, the ideal is to leave an empty space that allows to protect any thermal extension of the product.
Finally, in terms of its measurements, it maintains the same as a standard container.